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Welcome to the official website for DeLand, Florida


City of DeLand
120 S. Florida Avenue
DeLand, FL 32720
Phone: 386-626-7000
Fire Prevention
DeLand Fire Department wants to help you protect your home

Firewise Landscaping
The goal of Firewise landscaping is to create and maintain a safety zone around the home. This "defensible space" increases the likelihood that a home will survive a wildfire even in the absence of firefighters.

Defensible space should extend outward from the home from 30 feet (minimum) to 100 - 200 feet if the home borders heavy wildland fuels. This area does not need to be devoid of shrubs and trees, but should be wisely landscaped with plants known to be less-flammable separated by walkways and grassed areas.

Defensible space:
  • Breaks up the continuity of vegetation that might otherwise bring fire from adjacent wildland to the structure.
  • Provides room for firefighters to safely work to defend a structure.
  • Helps prevent a structure fire from spreading to adjacent wildland areas.
Within the zone of defensible space, follow these guidelines:
  • Thin trees so that the crowns (treetops) are 10 to 15 feet apart.
  • Remove any "ladder fuels". Ladder fuels are vines and shrubs that can carry a ground fire up into the treetops.
  • Remove dense fuels, trim overhanging branches, and carefully plan your landscaping within 30 feet of homes.
  • Prune tree limbs so the lowest branches are 6 to 10 feet from the ground.
  • Remove any large groupings of plants like saw palmetto, yaupon, wax myrtle and gallberry, especially if the plants are close to the home, adjacent decks or porches or under eaves or overhangs.
  • Instead of flammable mulch like bark or wood chips, use lava stone or coarse gravel around any shrubbery that is within 5 feet of the structure.
ALLOW NO FLAMMABLE VEGETATION IN CONTACT WITH THE STRUCTURE.
  • Remove highly flammable plants characterized by resinous sap and waxy leaves. These include: saw palmetto, wax myrtle, yaupon, red cedar, cypress and young pine trees.
  • Locate firewood and propane gas tanks at least 50 feet from the structure.
  • Keep 100 feet of hose readily available at a faucet away from the structure.
  • Select less-flammable plant species to plant within the zone of defensible space.
Less-Flammable Trees and Shrubs

Ash
Magnolia
Sweet Acacia
Citrus
Maple
Silver Button
Crape Myrtle
Redbud
Tabebuia
Dogwood
Sycamore
Gumbo-Limbo
Jacaranda
Viburnum
Red Mulberry
Loquot
Winged Elm
Red Bay
Oaks
Citrus
Green Button
Peach
Plum
Mahogany
Bottle Brush
Sweet Gum
Satin Leaf
Black Cherry
Persimmon
Pigeon Plum
Sparkelberry
Blue Beech
River Birch
Hophornbeam
Sea Grape
Hawthorne
Pecan
Catalpa
Elm
Willow
Basswood

Palms

Pindo Palm
Alexander Palm
Sago Palm
Queen Palm
Pigmy Date Palm
King Sago Palm

Shrubs

Agave
Philodendrom
Century Plant
Aloe
Pittosporum
Coontie
Azalea
Red Yucca
Anise
Viburnum
Beauty Berry
Indian Hawthorne
Hydrangea
Pyracantha
Oakleaf Hydrangea
Oleander
Camellia

More-Flammable Trees and Shrubs

Pines
Juniper
Red Cedar
Italian Cypress
Bald Cypress
Arizona Cypress
Aborvitae
Saw Palmetto
Wax Myrtle
Pampas Grass
Gallberry
Cabbage Palm
American Holly
Boxwood
Melaleuca
Yaupon Holly
Yew
Leyland Cypress


The main idea is to create a less-flammable landscape that also meets the homeowner's needs. With a little planning, a landscape can be FIREWISE and also be aesthetically pleasing, provide food and cover for wildlife, require less water for irrigation and provide shade to cool the home and reduce energy bills.
NFPA report identifies cooking as leading cause of home fires

Attention to safety can prevent nearly all cooking fires

March 18, 2008 – Cooking was involved in an estimated 146,400 home structure fires in the United States in 2005, according to a National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) report released today. Cooking fires accounted for 40 percent of the home structure fires in 2005, and these cooking fires resulted in 480 deaths, 4,690 injuries, and $876 million in direct property damage.

According to Home Fires Involving Cooking Equipment report, cooking equipment left unattended was a factor in ignition in 38 percent of home structure fires for 2002-2005. Unattended cooking was the leading contributing factor in home cooking fires, followed by combustibles too close to a heat source, and equipment being unintentionally turned on or not turned off.

Cooking was also the leading cause of home fire injuries, accounting for 36 percent of home structure fire injuries in 2005. These injuries were especially likely to occur during attempts to fight the fire. In home structure fires involving cooking equipment for 2002-2005, 59 percent of injuries occurred while fighting the fire, compared to 35 percent of injuries in all other types of home structure fires.

“Cooking results in more home fires and fire injuries in the United States each year than anything else and nearly all of these fires can be prevented with a little extra care,” said Lorraine Carli, NFPA’s vice president of communications. “Simply paying attention when you are cooking will keep your dinner and everything else from getting burned.”

Home cooking fires peak between 5 and 7 p.m. extra cooking, as on major U.S. holidays, often means extra home cooking fires. Typically, more cooking fires occur on Thanksgiving than on any other day of the year.

NFPA Vice President of Communications Lorraine Carli on the NFPA cooking report:

Click below for the National Fire Protection Association's Cooking Fire Safety Page
NFPA offers the following safety tips.
  • Stay in the kitchen when you are frying, grilling, or broiling food. If you leave the kitchen for even a short period of time, turn off the stove.
  • If you are simmering, baking, roasting, or boiling food, check it regularly, remain in the home while food is cooking, and use a timer to remind you that you’re cooking.
  • To prevent cooking fires, you have to be alert. You won’t be if you are sleepy, have been drinking alcohol, or have taken medicine that makes you drowsy.
  • Keep anything that can catch fire – potholders, oven mitts, wooden utensils, paper or plastic bags, boxes, food packaging, towels or curtains – away from your stovetop.
  • Keep the stovetop, burners and oven clean.
  • Keep pets off cooking surfaces and nearby countertops to prevent them from knocking things onto the burner.
  • Wear short, close fitting or tightly rolled sleeves when cooking. Loose clothing can dangle onto stove burners and can catch fire if it comes in contact with a gas flame or electric burner.
  


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